Le lexique culinaire

La Route des Gourmets vous propose ce lexique culinaire, outil très utile pour (ré)apprendre le vocabulaire de base de l’alimentation en français, anglais, espagnol et portugais !

FRANÇAIS ENGLISH ESPAÑOL PORTUGUÊS
GARCON Waiter Camarero Garcon
MAITRE D’HOTEL Headwaiter Maitre d’hotel Maitre
MADEMOISELLE Miss Señorita Senhorita
S’IL VOUS PLAIT Please Por favor Por favor
MERCI Thank you Gracias Obrigado (a)
LES REPAS THE MEALS LAS COMIDAS AS REFEICOES
PETIT-DEJEUNER Breakfast Desayuno Café da Manhã
DEJEUNER Lunch Almuerzo Almoço
THE, GOUTER Five o’clock tea Té o merienda Cha ou lanche
DINER Dinner Cena Jantar
A LA CARTE A la carte A la carta A la carte
A PRIX FIXE Fixed price meal A precio fijo A preço fixo
LE MENU The menu El menu O menu
L’ADDITION The bill, check La cuenta A conta
LA MONNAIE The change La vuelta, el cambio O troco
LE POURBOIRE The tip La propina A gorjeta
LE SERVICE The service El servicio O serviço
SERVICE COMPRIS The service included Servicio Incluido Serviço incluso
LE VESTIAIRE The cloak-room El guardarropa O guarda-roupa
A LA TABLE AT TABLE A LA MESA A MESA
ASSIETTE Plate Plato Prato
BOUTEILLE Bottle Botella Garrafa
CHAISE Chair Silla Cadeira
COUTEAU Knife Cuchillo Faca
CUILLERE Spoon Cuchara Colher
CURE-DENT Tootj-pick Palillo de clientes Palito
FOURCHETTE Fork Tenedor Garfo
MOUTARDE Mustard Mostaza Mostarda
NAPPE Table-cloth Mantel Toalha
PLAT Dish Fuente Prato
SALIERE Salt-cellar Salero Saleiro
SERVIETTE Napkin Servilleta Guardanapo
TABLE Table Mesa Mesa
TASSE Cup Taza Xicara
VERRE Glass Vaso Copo
TIRE-BOUCHON Cok-screw Sacacorchos Saca-rolha
BOISSONS DRINKS BEBIDAS BEBIDAS
ALCOOL Alcohol Alcohol Alcool
BIERE Bier Cerveza Cerveja
BLONDE Ale Cerveza Clara
BRUNE Stout Negra Escura
CAFE Coffee Café Café
CAFE AU LAIT Coffee and milk Café con leche Café com leite
CHOCOLAT Chocolate Chocolate Chocolate
CIDRE Cider Sidra Cidra
EAU Water Agua Agua
EAU GAZEUSE Soda Gaseosa Com gas
EAU MINERALE Mineral water Mineral Mineral
EUA-DE-VIE Brandy Aguardiente Aguardente
GLACE Ice Hielo Gelo
JUS DE FRUIT Fruit juice Jugo de fruta Suco de fruta
LAIT Milk Leche Leite
LIQUEUR Liqueur Licor Licor
THE Tea Cha
VIN WINE VINO VINHO
BLANC White Blanco Branco
ROUGE Red Tinto Tinto
ROSIL Rosé Clarete Rosé
BORDEAUX Claret Burdeos Bordeaux
BOURGOGNE Burgundy Borgofia Bongonha
DU RHIN Hock del Rhin do Reno
PORTO Port Oporto Porto
XERES Sherry Jerez Jerez
CAPITEUX Heady Generoso Generoso
CHAMBRE At the room temperature A la temperatura de la habitacion Temperatura ambiente
CORSE Rich Que tiene cuerpo Estruturado
DOUX Sweet Dulce Doce
FRAIS Cool Fresco Fresco
FRAPPE Chilled Helado Sorvete
JEUNE (VERT) Green, young Joven, verde Jovem, verde
MOUSSEUX Sparkiling Espumosos Espumante
SEC Dry Seco Seco
VIEUX Old Viejo Velho
CONDIMENTS CONDIMENTS CONDIMENTOS CONDIMENTOS
AIL Garlic Ajo Alho
AVEC, SANS With, without Con, sin Com, sem
BEURRE Butter Mantequilla Manteiga
CANNELLE Cinnamon Canela Canela
CASSONADE Brown sugar Cogucho Açucar mascavo
CLOUS DE GIROFLE Cloves Clavo de especia semente de girasol
CORNICHONS Gherkins Pepinillos Pepininhos
EPICES Spices Especias Especiarias
GRAISSE Fat Grasa Gordura
HUILE Oil Aceite Azeite
LAURIER Bay- leaf Laurel Loro
MOUTARDE Mustard Mostaza Mostarda
MUSCADE Nutmeg Moscada Noz moscada
OIGNON Onion Cebolla Cebola
PERSIL Parsley Perejil Salsa
POIVRE Pepper Pimienta Pimenta
SAINDOUX Lard Manteca de cerdo Banha
SEL Salt Sal Sal
SUCRE Sugar Azucar Açucar
MORCEAUX Lumps Cuadradillo Pedaços
POUDRE Powder Polvo Po
THYM Thyme Tomillo Tomilho
VANILLE Vanilla Vainilla Baunilha
VINAIGRE Vinegar Vinagre Vinagre
PAIN BREAD PAN PÃO
PAIN BLANC White bread Pan blanco Pão branco
PAIN BIS Brow bread Pan moreno Pão escuro
PAIN COMPLET Whole bread Pan integral Pão integral
BISCOTTE Rusk Bizcocho Biscoito
BISCUIT Biscuit, cracker Bizcocho, galleta Biscoito, bolacha
BRIOCHE Bun Brioche Brioche
CROUTE Crust Corteza Crosta
FRAIS Fresh Tierno Fresco
GRILLE Toasted Tostado Tostado
MIE Crumb Miga Migalha
PETIT PAIN Roll Panecillo Bisnaguinha
RASSIS Stale Ouro Duro
SEIGLE Rye bread Centeno Centeio
TARTINE Slice Rebanada Torrada
HORS-D’ŒUVRE HORS-D’ŒUVRE ENTREMESES APERITIVOS
ANCHOIS Anchovy Anchoas Anchovas
BETTERAVE Beetroot Remolacha Beterraba
BOUQUET Prawn Gambas Pitu
CAVIAR Caviare Caviar Caviar
CELERI Celery Apio Aipo
CHARCUTERIE Cured pork-meat Embutidos Embutidos
COQUILLAGES Shell-fish Mariscos Mariscos
CONCOMBRE Cucumber Pepino Pepino
CREVETTES Shrimps Quisquillas Camarões
HARENGS MARINES Pickled herrings Arenques en scabeche Arenque em conserva
HUITRES Oyster Ostras Ostras
JAMBON Ham Jamon Presunto
MACEDOINE Mixed vegetable salad Macedonia Macedonia
MAQUEREAU MARINE Pickled mackerel Chicharro en escabeche Cavala em conserva
ŒUFS FARCIS Stuffed eggs Huevos rellenos Ovos recheados
OLIVES Olives Aceitunas Azeitonas
RADIS Radishes Râbanos Rabanetes
SALADES Salads Ensaladas Saladas
SARDINES Sardines Sardinas Sardinhas
SAUCISSON Sausage Salcichon Linguiça
SAUMON FUME Smoked Salmon Salmon ahumado Salmão defumado
THON A L’HUILE Tunny-fish in oil Atun en aceite Atum em azeite
TOMATES Tomatoes Tomates Tomates
POTAGES SOUPS SOPAS SOPAS
BOUILLON Broth Caldo Caldo
CONSOMME Clear (meat) soup Consomé Consomê
CREME Thick soup Crema Creme
SOUPE AUX LEGUMES Vegetable soup Sopa de legumbres Sopa de legumes
SOUPE DE POISSON Fish soup Sopa de pescado Sopa de peixe
ŒUFS EGGS HUEVOS OVOS
A LA COQUE Boiled eggs Pasado por agua A la coque
AU PLAT Sunny side up Al plato Inteiro
BROUILLES Scrambled Revueltos Mexidos
DURS Hard-boiled Duros Cozidos
FRITS Fried Fritos Fritos
OMELETTE Omelette Tortilla Omelete
POCHES Poached Escalfados Poches
POISSON FISH PESCADO PEIXE
AIGLEFIN Haddock Camastron Haddock
ALOSE Shad Alosa Alose
ANCHOIS Anchovy Anchoas Anchovas
ANGUILLE Eel Anguilà Enguia
BAR Bass Rôbalo Robalo
BARBUE Brill Barbada Rodovalho
BLANCHAILLE Whitebait Morralla Peixe miudo
BOUILLABAISSE Fish-soup Sopa de pescado, Bullabesa Sopa de peixe
BROCHET Pike Sollo Pique
CABILLAUD Cod Truchuela Bacalhau
CARPE Carp Carpa Carpa
COLIN Coalfish Merluza Merluza
CONGRE Conger Congrio Congro
COQUILLE ST. JACQUES Scallop Conchas Noz de Saint Jacques
CRABE Crab Centollo Caranguejo
DORADE Gilt-head Besugo Dourada
ECREVISSE Crayfish Cangrejo Lagostim
EPERLAN Smelt Eperlano Alabote
ESCARGOTS Snails Caracoles Escargots
ESTURGEON Sturgeon Esturion Esturjão
FLETAN Halibut Fletán Linguado
GARDON Roach Gobio Barata
GOUJON Gudgeon Pececillo de rio Peixe de rio
GRENOUILLE Frog Rana
GRONDIN Gurnard ? ?
HARENG Herring Arenque Arenque
HOMARD Lobster Bogavante Lagosta
HUITRE Oyster Ostra Ostra
LAITANCE Roe Echecillas Ovas de peixe
LANGOUSTE Sea-crawfish Langosta Lagostim
LIMANDE Dab Gallo, platija Linguado
LOTTE Epout Lota Tamboril
MAQUEREAU Mackerel Chicharro Cavala
MERLAN Whiting Pescadilla Badejo
MERLUCHE Hake Merluza Merluza
MORUE Cod Bacalao Bacalhau
MOULE Mussel Mejillon Mexilhão
MULET Mullet Mujol Salmonete
OMBRE Grayling Umbra Sombra
OURSIN Sea-urchin Erizo de mar Ouriço
PALOURDE Clam Almeja Molusco
PERCHE Perch Perca Polo
PLIE Plaice Platija Solha
RAIE Skate Raya Arraia
ROUGET Red mullet Salmonete Salmonete
SARDINE Sardine Sardina Sardinha
SAUMON Salmon Salmonete Salmão
SOLE Sole Lenguado Linguado
TANCHE Tench Tenca Tenca
THON Tuna Atoum Atum
TRUITE Trout Trucha Truta
TURBOT Turbot Rodaballo Robalo
VIANDES MEATS CARNES CARNES
AGNEAU Lamb Cordero Carneiro
BŒUF Beef Vaca Vaca
MOUTON Mutton Cordero Ovelha
PORC Pork Cerdo Porco
VEAU Veal Terilera Novilho
ALOYAU Sirloin Solomillo Lombo
BOUDIN Black pudding Morcilla Linguiça de sangue
CARRE Neck Pescuezo Pescoço
CARTILAGE Gristle Cartilago Cartilagem
CERVELLE Brains Sesos Miolos
CŒUR Heart Corazon Coração
COTE Rib Costilla Costela
COTELETTE Chop Chuleta Chuleta
CUISSEAU Leg Pernil Pernil
CULOTTE Rump Cuarto trasero Traseiro
ENTRECOTE Steak Entrecote Entrecote
EPAULE Shoulder Espalda Ombro
FILET Fillet Filete Filé
FOIE Liver Higado Figado
GIGOT Leg Pierna Pernil
GRAISSE Fat Grasa Banha
GRILLADE Cut Asado Churrasco
JAMBON Ham Jambon Presunto
JARRET Knuckle Jarrete Jarrete
JUS Gravy Jugo Suco
LANGUE Tongue Lengua Lingua
LARD Bacon Tocino Toucinho
LONGE Loin Riñonada Lombo
MOELLE Marrow Tuetano Moela
MUSEAU Cheek Morro Bochecha
OREILLE Ear Oreja Orelha
OS Bone Hueso Osso
PIED Foot Pié
POITRINE Breast Paletille Paleta
QUEUE Tail Raho Rabo
RIS Sweetbreads Mollejas de ternera Moleja
ROGNON Kidney Riñon Rim
ROTI Roast Asado Assado
SANG Blood Sangre Sangue
SAUCISSE Sausage Salchicha Salcicha
SELLE Saddle Lomo Lombo
TETE Head Cabeza Cabeça
TRIPES Tripe Callos, tripas Tripas
VOLAILLE POULTRY AVE AVE
CANARD Duck Pato Pato
CANETON Duckling Anadon Patinho
CHAPON Capon Capon Capão
DINDE Turkey Pava Peru
OIE Goose Ganso Ganso
PIGEON Pigeon Pichon Pombo
PINTADE Guinea-fowl Pintada Pintada
POULARDE Fuilet Gallina Galinha
POULET Chicken Pollo Frango
VOLAILLE Fowl Pajaro Passaro
GIBIER GAME CAZA CAÇA
ALOUETTE Lark Alondra Cotovia
BECASSE Woodcock Becada Galinhola
BECASSINE Snipe Becacina Narceja
CAILLE Quail Cordoniz Codorna
CANARD SAUVAGE Wild duck Pato salvaje Pato selvagem
CERF Red deer Ciervo Cervo
CHEVREUIL Roe-buck Corzo Corça
DAIM Deer Gamo Veado
FAISAN Pheasant Faisan Faisão
LAPIN Rabbit Conejo Coelho
LIEVRE Hare Liebre Lebre
PERDREAU Partidrige Perdigon Perdigão
SANGLIER Wild boar Jabali Javali
SARCELLE Teal Cerceta Marrequinho
VENAISON Venison Venado Veado
ACCOMPAGNEMENT SIDE DISH GUARNICION ACOMPANHAMENTO
ARTICHAUT Artichoke Alcachofa Alcachofra
ASPERGE Aspargus Esparrago Aspargo
AUBERGINE Egg-plant Berenjena Berinjela
BETTERAVE Beetroot Remolacha Beterraba
CARDON Cardoon Cardo Cardon
CAROTTE Carrot Zanahoria Cenoura
CELERI Celery Apio Aipo
CHAMPIGNON Mushroom Hongo, seta Cogumelo
CHICOREE Chicory Achicoria Chicoria
CHOU Cabbage Col Couve
CHOU DE BRUXELLES Brussels sprouts de Bruselas de Bruxelas
CHOU-FLEUR Cauliflower Coliflor Couve-flor
CHOU ROUGE Red cabbage Lombarda Couve vermelha
CITROULLE Pumpkin Calabaza Abobora
CONCOMBRE Cucumber Pepino Pepino
CORNICHON Gherkin Pepinillo Pepininho
COURGETTE Marrow Calabacin Abobrinha
CRESSON Cress Berros Agrião
CROSNE Japanese artichoke Estaquide Crosne do Japão
ENDIVE Endive Endibia Endivia
EPINARDS Spinach Espinacas Espinafre
FENOUIL Fennel Hinojo Erva-doce
FEVES Broad beans Habas Favas
HARICOTS BLANCS Beans Alubias Feijão branco
VERTS French beans Judias verdes Feijão verde
LAITUE Lettuce Lechuga Alface
LEGUMES Vegetables Legumbres Legumes
LENTILLES Lentils Lentejas Lentilhas
NAVET Turnip Nabo Nabo
OIGNONS Onions Cebollas Cebolas
OSEILLE Sorrel Acedera Azedas
PANAIS Parsnip Chirivia Cherivia
PATES ALIMENTAIRES Macaroni Pastas Macarrão
POIREAU Leck Puerro Alho-poro
POIS CASSES Split peas Guisantes secos Ervilhas secas
PETITS POIS Green peas Guisantes Ervilhas
POTIRON Pumpkin Calabaza Abobora
RADIS Radishes Rabanos Rabanete
RAIFORT Horse-radish Rabano silvestre Raiz-forte
RIZ Rice Arroz Arroz
SALSIFIS Salsify Salsifis Cersefi
TOMATE Tomato Tomate Tomate
TOPINAMBOUR Jerusalem artichoke Cotufa Alcachofra de Jerusalém
TRUFFE Truffle Trufa Trufa
DESSERTS SWEETS POSTRES SOBREMESAS
BEIGNETS Fritters Buñuelos Rosquinhas
BISCUITS Biscuits Bizcochos Biscoitos
BONBONS Sweets Caramelos Bombons
CHAUSSON Turnover Pastel relleno Pastel recheado
CHOU Puff Pastel de crema Profiteroles
COMPOTE Stewed-fruit Compota Doce de fruta
CONFITURE Jam Mermelada Geléia
D’ORANGES Marmalade de naranjas de laranja
CREME Cream Crema Creme
ANGLAISE Custard Natilla Inglês
CHANTILLY Whipped cream Chantilly, nata Chantilly
CREPE Pancake Crepe Crepe
DESSERTS Dessert Postre Sobremesa
ENTREMETS Pudding, sweet Plato dulce Sobremesa
FRANGIPANE Almond-cream Torta de almendra Torta de amêndoa
GALETTE Shortbread Galleta Gallete
GATEAU Cake Pastel Bolo
GAUFRE Wafer Barquillo Wafer
GELEE Jelly Jalea Calda
GLACE Ice-cream Helado Sorvete
GUIMAUVE Marshmallow Malvavisco Marshmallow
MACARON Macaroon Mostachon Macarron
MERINGUE Meringue Merengue Merengue
MOUSSE Sponge Espuma Mousse
NOUGAT Nougat Turron Nougat
PAIN D’EPICES Gingerbread Pan de especias Pão de especiarias
PARFUMS Perfumes Perfumes Sabores
CAFE Coffee Café Café
CANNELLE Cinnamon Canela Canela
CARAMEL Caramel Caramelo Caramelo
CHOCOLAT Chocolate Chocolate Chocolate
FRUITS Fruits Frutas Frutas
PANACHE Mixed perfume Mezclado Misturado
PISTACHE Pistachio Pistacho Pistache
VANILLE Vanilla Vainilla Baunilha
PATISSERIE Pastry Pasteleria Loja de doces
SIROP Sirup Jarabe Xarope
SUCRE Sugar Azucar Açucar
TARTE Tart, pie Tarta Torta
FRUITS FRUIT FRUTAS FRUTAS
ABRICOT Apricot Albaricoque Damasco
AIRELLE Billberry Arandano Airela
AMANDE Almond Almendra Amêndoa
ANANAS Pineapple Piña Abacaxi
ANGELIQUE Angelica Angelica Angelica
BANANE Banana Platano Banana
CACAHUETE Peanut Cachuete Amedoim
CASSIS Blach currant Casis Cassis
CERISE Cherry Cereza Cereja
CHATAIGNE Chestnut Castaña Castanha
CITRON Lemon Limon Limão
COING Quince Membrillo Marmelo
DATTE Date Datil Tâmara
ECORGES CONFITES Candied peels Cortezas escarchadas Cascas confitadas
FIGUE Fig Higo Figo
FRAISE Strawberry Fresa Morango
FRAMBOISE Raspberry Frambuesa Framboesa
FRUITS Fruits Frutas Frutas
CONFITS Candied Confitadas Confitadas
CUITS Stewed Cocidas Cozidas
FRAIS Fresh Frescas Frescas
SECS Dried Secas Secas
GRENADE Pomegranate Granada Romã
GROSEILLE Currant Grosella Groselha
A MAQUEREAU Groseberry uva espina espinhosas
MANDARINE Tangerine Mandarina Tangerina
MELON Melon Melon Melão
MURE Blackberry Mora Amora
NOISETTE Nut Avellana Avelã
NOIX Walnut Nuez Noz
NOIX DE COCO Coconut Coco Coco
OLIVE Olive Aceituna Azeitona
ORANGE Oranje Naranja Laranja
PAMPLEMOUSSE Grapefruit Toronja Pomelo
PECHE Peach Melocoton Pêssego
PISTACHE Pistachio Pistacho Pistache
POIRE Pear Pera Pera
POMME Apple Manzana Maçã
PRUNE Plum Ciruela Ameixa
PRUNEAU Prune Ciruela pasa Ameixa seca
RAISIN Grape Uva Uva
RAISINS SECS Raisins Pasas Uva passa
RHUBARBE Rhubarb Ruibarbo Ruibarbo
       
FROMAGE CHEESE QUESO QUEIJO
CAILLE Curds Requeson Nata
FROMAGE BLANC Cream cheese Queso blanco Queijo branco
FRAIS Soft cheese Queso fresco Queijo fresco
SEC Hard cheese Queso seco Queijo seco
PETIT LAIT Whey Suero Soro
GOUTS TASTES GUSTOS GOSTOS
BON Nice Bueno Bom
EXCELLENT Delicious Excelente Excelente
MAUVAIS Bad Malo Ruim
ASSEZ Enough Bastante Suficiente
PAS ASSEZ Not enough No es bastante Não é suficiente
TROP Too much Demasiado Muito
ENCORE Some more Mas, todavia Mais um pouco
BOUILLANT Bolling Hirviendo Fervendo
CHAUD Hot Caliente Quente
FROID Cold Frio Frio
GLACE Ice cold Helado Gelado
TIEDE Lukewarm Templado Morno
A POINT Just right En su punto Ao ponto
BIEN CUIT Well done Muy hecho Bem passado
SAIGNANT Underdone Con sangre Sangrando
BRULE Burnt Quemado Queimado
CROUSTILLANT Crisp Tostado Tostado
DOUX Sweet Dulce Doce
EPICE Spicy Sazonado Condimentado
FADE Tasteless Soso Ensoso
PIQUANT Pungent Picante Picante
POIVRE Peppery Con pimienta Apimentado
SALE Salted Salado Salgado
SUCRE Sweetened Azucarado Açucarado
ACIDE Sour Acido  Acido
AMER Bitter Amargo Amargo
UMAMNI (glutamate)
TERMES CULINAIRES CULINARY TERMS TERMINOS CULINARIOS TERMOS CULINARIOS
ANGLAISE Boiled Hervido Fervido
ASSORTI Assorted Surtido Sortimento
BEURRE With butter Con mantequilla Com manteiga
BOULLI Boiled Hervido Fervido
BRAISE Braised Asado Assado
BROCHE On the spit En el asador No espeto
CONSERVE Tinned Conserva Conserva
CROQUETTE Fritter Croqueta Croquete
CRU Raw Crudo Cru
CUIT Cooked Cocido Cozido
CURRY Curried Curry Curry
DAUBE Stewed Adobo Ensopado
EMINCE Minced Rodajas Rodelas
ENFARINE Floured Enharinado Enmpanado
ETOUFFE Smothered Estofado Estufado
FARCI Stuffed Relleno Recheado
FOUR Baked Horno Forno
FRAIS Fresh Fresco Fresco
FRIT Fried Frito Frito
FUME Smoked Ahumado Defumado
GELES Jelly Gelatina Gelatina
GRAS Fat Grasiento Gorduroso
GRILLE Broiled Asado a la parilla Churrasco
HACHE Chopped Picado Moido
JUS Gravy Jugo Suco
MAIGRE Lean Magro Magro
MARINE Pickled Escabechado Marinado
MAYONNAISE Mayonnaise Mayonesa Maionese
PANE Breadcrumbed Empanado Empanado
PATE Pie Pastel Massa
POCHE Poached Escalfado Poche
PUREE Mashed Pure Pure
RAGOUT Stewed Guisado Guisado
ROTI Roast Asado Assado
SALADE Salad Ensalada Salada
SALE Cured, salted Salado Salgado
SAUTE Sauted Salteado Salteado
SEC Dry Seco Seco
SOUFLE Puff Soufle Suflé
TRUFFE With truffles Trufado Trufado
VAPEUR Steamed Vapor Vapor
VINAIGRETTE With oil and vinegar Vinagreta Vinagrete

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